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REVIEW ARTICLE ON MEDICAL EDUCATION: National Education Policy 2020 compliant multidisciplinary education and research universities fo...
Pradnya V Kakodkar, Shivasakthy Manivasakan
Journal of Medical Evidence, Year 2022, Volume 3, Issue 1 [p. 60-63]
DOI: 10.4103/JME.JME_107_21
A THOUGHT LEADERSHIP: A convergent and multidisciplinary integration for research in menopause
B Vaidya Ashok, A Vaidya Rama
Journal of Mid-life Health, Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 1 [p. 5-8]
DOI: 10.4103/jmh.jmh_65_22
ORIGINAL ARTICLES: Development and evaluation of Talisapatradi and Vyoshadi choorna lozenges: An ayurvedic tradition...
Manas R Sahoo, Umashankar M Srinivasan, Ramesh R Varier
Journal of Reports in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Year 2022, Volume 11, Issue 1 [p. 110-117]
DOI: 10.4103/jrptps.JRPTPS_80_21
In Ayurveda, Talisapatradi choorna (TPC) and Vyoshadi choorna (VSC) are commonly used medicines for cough, cold, asthma, and rhinitis. These symptoms are due to upper respiratory infections of predominantly of viral origin. Currently, there are no effective medicines except indiscriminate uses of antibiotics, local anesthetics, and pain killers. The conventional formulation of TPC and VSC is difficult to administer so an easy manufacturing lozenge formulation was developed. The phytochemical analysis was done by preliminary thin layer chromatography (TLC) derivatization studies. High-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) analysis confirmed the presence of herbal actives in the lozenge formulations. The TLC analysis results showed that TPC and VSC contain phytochemicals of flavonoids, steroids and phytosterols, and alkaloids family. The herbal actives were found to be stable in the final formulation without any interference with the excipients used in the formulation. The lozenges formulated from TPC and VSC are found to be promising alternatives to traditional form for the traditional Ayurvedic preparation. Compatibility study was done using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and HPTLC study.
REVIEW ARTICLE: Complementary and alternative medicine use in infertility: A review of infertile women's needs
Farangis Sharifi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari
Journal of Education and Health Promotion, Year 2022, Volume 11, Issue 1 [p. 195]
DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_704_21
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common in infertile women in different countries. The purpose of the current study was to review the infertile women's needs in relation to CAM use. This narrative review was conducted through searching English databases including Scopus, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane library as well as Persian databases consisted of SID, and Magiran. The used keywords included “CAM/therapy, needs, and Infertility.” All studies published in English peer-reviewed journals from conception to October 2020, which examined the infertile women's needs in the field of CAM use were included in the review. In the process of data extraction, two researchers screened the title, abstract, and full text of the articles. Out of the 2166 articles reviewed, 29 articles including six qualitative and mixed methods studies, four review, and 19 quantitative studies met the inclusion criteria. The results showed that infertile women have different needs in six domains consisted of educational and informational needs, the need for psychological counseling, supportive needs, the need for CAM use counseling, the need to treatment consistent with women's culture and demands, and the need to the integration of CAM with conventional medicine. Awareness of infertile women's needs toward CAM use can help health policymakers and planners in designing and implementing counseling services in accordance with the demands and culture of infertile couples. It also helps to develop a coherent program to integrate the use of CAM in the classical infertility treatment.
EDITORIAL: The unresolved tragedy of neural-tube defects in India: The case for folate- and vitamin-B12...
Ravindra Motilal Vora, Asok C Antony
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons, Year 2022, Volume 27, Issue 1 [p. 1-8]
DOI: 10.4103/jiaps.jiaps_211_21
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Effect of liquorice (root extract) mouth rinse on dental plaque and gingivitis – A randomiz...
Sakshi Sharma, Girish M Sogi, Vipin Saini, Tulshi Chakraborty, Jasneet Sudan
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, Year 2022, Volume 26, Issue 1 [p. 51-57]
DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_517_20
Background: Around the world, an increasing number of people are turning towards nature by using the natural herbal products not only because they are inexpensive but also for better cultural acceptability, better compatibility with the human body and minimal side effects. This study assessed the effectiveness of liquorice (root extract) mouth rinse against dental plaque and gingivitis and compared it with 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gluconate mouth rinse. Materials and Methods: A double-blind, concurrent parallel randomized controlled clinical trial (CTRI/2016/09/007311) of four months duration was conducted. Forty-four volunteers who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into two groups through the computer-generated random sequence. Based on in vitro minimum inhibitory and minimum bactericidal concentration evaluations on periodontal pathogens, a concentration of 20% (w/v) of aqueous liquorice root extract mouth rinse was prepared. Both the groups were asked to rinse with their respective mouthwash twice daily for 15 days. Gingivitis was evaluated using gingival index (GI), and dental plaque was evaluated using the Turesky modification of the Quigely Hein Plaque Index (PI). The evaluation was carried out at day zero, 8th and 23rd (15 days after intervention). Intra- and intergroup comparisons of indices for both the arms were done using the paired sample t-test and unpaired t-test, respectively. Results: There was a statistically significant (P = 0.000) reduction in mean PI and GI scores for both the groups after a follow up of 15 days. The intergroup comparison of plaque and gingival index scores for both the mouth rinse groups came out to be statistically significant (P = 0.000). Conclusion: Both liquorice and CHX gluconate mouth rinse restricted plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation. Considering the established side effects of long-term use of chemical formulations, the herbal mouth rinse preparation can promise to be an effective self-care therapy.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Research interests in speech, language, and hearing sciences: A scientometric study of master'...
S Ramkumar
Journal of Indian Speech Language & Hearing Association, Year 2022, Volume 36, Issue 1 [p. 14-17]
DOI: 10.4103/jisha.jisha_2_22
Introduction: The disciplines of audiology and speech-language pathology are fascinating academic domains, with pronounced 'clinical practice' component. The direction of research and coverage of clinical disorders in master's dissertations can serve as a baseline for future research. Method: The dataset covered 1111 master's dissertations from eight institutes in India spanning 2012-2017 and followed a bibliometric and analytical approach. Results: Domain-wise, the pattern was hearing and its disorders (45.82%)>speech and its disorders (29.79%) > language and its disorders (21.42%). In terms of sub- domains of speech, language and hearing, it was observed that voice and its disorders >phonology, articulation and their disorders >fluency and its disorders; child language disorders >adult language disorders. and diagnostic Audiology >rehabilitative Audiology. The clinical topics covered most in audiology were: rehabilitative audiology-hearing aids, cochlear implants; vestibular balance disorders; sensorineural hearing loss; tinnitus and hyperacusis. The five topmost clinical topics in speech-language pathology were: stuttering; cleft lip/palate; aphasia, feeding and swallowing; autism spectrum disorders and intellectual(Learning) disability. Conclusion: More studies on topics with emphasis on rehabilitative aspects could be attempted. The choice of topics covering advocacy and public health in the form of KAP studies is commendable and can bring about behavioral change and awareness about communication disorders. The speech and hearing institutes can initiate plans for synergy and active collaborations between and among the different players. A directed research agenda by the institutes to align with the national/global needs is suggested.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Clinical study to compare effect of Haridradi lepa and Shringatadi tailam along wit...
Rajveer Sason, Anita Sharma
Journal of Indian System of Medicine, Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 1 [p. 12-18]
DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_87_21
Background: Hair loss affects people of all gender, ages, and ethnicities, and it has both physical and psychological consequences. In today’s world, chemical hair treatments such as bleaching, straightening, relaxing, or permanent waving are very popular. Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Haridradi lepa and Shringatadi tailam along with Shwadanshtradi churna on hair loss and to research the literature on hair loss. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 patients with hair fall diagnosed clinically were enrolled and divided into two groups randomly. The duration of the trial was 2 months. There were 45 patients in each group. Cases were diagnosed using clinical signs of hair loss as described in classics. For male pattern baldness, the modified Norwood–Hamilton scale was used. For female hair loss, the Ludwig scale was used. Results and Conclusion: The percentage relief of the Sammuchya lakshnas (overall symptoms) was maximal 35.6% with P-value 0.0156 for the Study Group A patients and 44.6% with P-value 0.0136 for Study Group B patients, according to the research. The statistical study revealed that both groups improved significantly.
EDITORIAL: Integrative health and wellness – time to integrate wisdom from different types of medical ...
Chandrakant S Pandav, Hrushikesh Kedari, Tilak Mishra, Sunil H Thigale
Journal of Integrative Medicine and Public Health, Year 2022, Volume 1, Issue 1 [p. 1-4]
DOI: 10.4103/JIMPH.JIMPH_5_21
ABSTRACTS: 5th IUPHAR WCP-NP, 2019 INDIA & 51st Annual Conference of IPSCON-2019
Indian Journal of Pharmacology, Year 2021, Volume 53, Issue 7 [p. 1-191]
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