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ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Tarantula cubensis venom (theranekron®) selectively destroys human cancer cells v...
Armin Ghasemi-Dizgah, Babak Nami, Nour Amirmozafari
Acta Medica International, Year 2017, Volume 4, Issue 1 [p. 74-80]
DOI: 10.5530/ami.2017.4.14
Background: Tarantula cubensis venom (Theranekron®) is used as a homeopathic medicine which has shown anti-tumor effects in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study was to assess effect of Tarantula cubensis venom on apoptotic cell death of human cancer cell lines. Methods: HEK293, MCF7 and HN5 cell lines were used. The cells were treated with different concentrations of alcoholic extract of Tarantula cubensis (Theranekron®) for different periods of time. Cell morphology was studied by light microscopic observation. Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay and death rate was assessed applying trypan blue staining. Apoptosis was assessed by DNA fragmentation, cleaved caspase-3 protein western blotting and ELISA caspase-3 activity assays. Results: Tarantula cubensis venom ruined cell adhesion, reduced cell proliferation, increased cell death rates and caused DNA fragmentation in human cells. An increased caspase-3 cleavage and hyper-activation of caspase-3 was detected in the cells treated with the venom. Results also showed a significantly higher toxicity and apoptosis levels in cancer cell lines MCF7 and HN5 compared with non-cancerous HEK293 cells. Conclusion: We conclude that Tarantula cubensis venom is selectively toxic for human cancer cells via inducing caspase-3- mediated apoptosis.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Comparing the impact of acupuncture and pethidine on reducing labor pain
Zahra Allameh, Hatav Ghasemi Tehrani, Mojdeh Ghasemi
Advanced Biomedical Research, Year 2015, Volume 4, Issue 1 [p. 46]
DOI: 10.4103/2277-9175.151302 PMID: 25789272
Background: Generally 50 to 70 percent of women suffer from a severe and unbearable pain during their childbirth. Abnormal fetal heart patterns, an increase of caesarian delivery rate, prolonged labor and low APGAR score in newborn are some of adverse effects of labor pain. Disagreement between different studies regarding the efficiency and effectiveness of acupuncture on labor pain led us to do this study. Materials and Methods: This is a clinical trial study. Sampling was done randomly in Esfahan, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, based on the subjects' characteristics. Patients were classified into three groups of control, Pethidine and acupuncture (27-30 women in each group). All women with a first and second pregnancy.VAS pain ruler was used as data collection tool. Data were analyzed in SPSS software, and using ANOVA and kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: The average pain score in control group 30 min after intervention was 7.80, while in Pethidine and acupuncture groups respectively were 6.87 and 5.77. Kruskal-Walis test showed that three groups in pain severity had significant difference at this time. The average length of the active phase of labor in Pethidine and acupuncture groups was 175 min while this time in control group was 243 min that ANOVA test showed a significant difference (P = 0.000). Conclusion: Results showed that acupuncture can significantly reduce labor pain in 30 min after intervention, while it had no effect on labor pain at full dilatation. However, both in Pethidine and acupuncture groups, the length of the active phase has been considerably shortened.
REVIEW ARTICLE: Psychophysiological effects of yoga on stress management among medical and allied health professi...
Sankalan Sarkar, Bidyadhar Sa, Keerti Singh, Uma Gaur, Ambadasu Bharatha, Virginia Victor, Sayeeda Rahman, Md Anwarul Azim Majumder
Advances in Human Biology, Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 4 [p. 3-12]
DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_28_21
The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has raised health concerns worldwide. Medical and allied health professional schools are seeking ways to alleviate stress and improve the quality of life among students. The effects of yoga have proven to be successful against stress. The review aimed to examine the psychophysiological effects of yoga on stress management among medical and allied health professional students during COVID-19 pandemic. The authors reviewed existing literature and official documents, which mostly focussed on the effect of yoga among medical and health professional students. Mental stress among these students is known to be higher than that of the general population. Sudden changes due to the pandemic are likely to have a significant impact on these students. Uncertainties concerning teaching, learning and assessment generate stress and anxiety, and social distancing further contributes to loneliness. Yoga has gained recognition not only in improving mental health and quality of life, but it also helps in improving respiratory and immune health. Although many published studies examined the psychophysiological effects of yoga among health professional students; only a few medical and allied health professional schools have incorporated yoga into an integrated curriculum for a holistic approach. In response to the COVID-19 crisis, the use of yoga for stress reduction and immune modulation should be considered as a complement to other treatments. There is a need to integrate yoga into medical and health science curricula to prepare physically fit and mentally sound prospective healthcare professionals.
CASE REPORT: Ocular toxicity in human subjects through accidental exposure to latex of Euphorbia umbellata<...
Shailaja Rajathurai, Parthasarathy Kannabiran, Sathiyarajeswaran Parameswaran
Ancient Science of Life, Year 2018, Volume 37, Issue 4 [p. 222-225]
DOI: 10.4103/asl.ASL_77_19
Two cases of ocular injury due to accidental exposure to latex and vapors of Euphorbia umbellata are described in this report. With the direct exposure of eyes to split drops of latex and inhalation exposure to vapors resulted in severe conjunctival congestion with bilateral peri-orbital edema without pain and inflammatory features with intense burning sensation of both the eyes, photophobia, blurred vision, severe redness with blepharospasm, intense thirst, nausea, and projectile vomiting. The symptoms reduced markedly after vomiting induced by the consumption of Nilavembu Kudineer, a Siddha poly herbal decoction. Redness of eyes relieved immediately with the instillation of mother's milk. It is construed that the presence of phorbol esters, a type of diterpenes in the latex of Euphorbia umbellata could have produced inflammatory responses by virtue of histamine, cytokine, and protease release which induced vomiting, pain, heat, and redness. This case report emphasizes the importance of using personal protective equipment such as goggles, gloves, and face mask while collecting and preparing medicines using the aerial parts of Euphorbia umbellata.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Anatomical investigation of flower of Butea monosperma Lam.
Ragunathan Muthuswamy, R Senthamarai
Ancient Science of Life, Year 2014, Volume 34, Issue 2 [p. 73-79]
DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.153461 PMID: 25861140
Background: Butea frondosa Roxb. and Koen. syn. Butea monosperma Lam. (Leguminosae or Fabaceae) is a tree grows up to the height of 8 m at the age 50 years. Its flowers are being used in traditional medicine for the treatment of ulcer, inflammation, hepatic disorder, and eye diseases. Aims: The present study was aimed at establishing the microscopic characteristics of flower B. monosperma Lam. Materials and Methods: Histological evaluation of flowers was done using standard procedures. Images of microscopic characters were taken at different magnifications using Nikon Labphoto 2 microscopic Unit. Perkin Elmer 5000 an atomic absorption spectrophotometer was employed for elemental analysis. Results: In the study, microscopic characters of floral parts were investigated in transverse section and the flower powder. The current study reveals the presence of pollen grains, ovary (OV), and trichomes in their flower powder. Different cell components were studied, and their sizes were measured. Elemental analysis showed the presence of Zn 52.2 μg/g and Cu 36.3 μg/g were major contents, whereas Cr, Mn, and Pd were minor contents in dried flower powder. Conclusion: The current study paves the way to provide standard information related to the presence of essential elements in the flower. Microscopic characters of the flower and its quantitative measurement of cell components will help to identify the plant and also help to improvise the existing monograph of B. monosperma in the Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.
EDITORIAL: The integration quagmire: Why we need to watch our steps
P Ram Manohar, Antonio Morandi, Antonella Delle Fave
Ancient Science of Life, Year 2015, Volume 34, Issue 3 [p. 123-125]
DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.157144 PMID: 26120224
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Effect of Calendula officinalis hydroalcoholic extract on passive avoidance learning and m...
Shirin Moradkhani, Iraj Salehi, Somayeh Abdolmaleki, Alireza Komaki
Ancient Science of Life, Year 2015, Volume 34, Issue 3 [p. 156-161]
DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.157160 PMID: 26120230
Background: Medicinal plants, owing to their different mechanisms such as antioxidants effects, may improve learning and memory impairments in diabetic rats. Calendula officinalis (CO), has a significant antioxidant activity. Aims: To examine the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of CO on passive avoidance learning (PAL) and memory in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic male rats. Settings and Design: A total of 32 adult male Wistar rats were randomly allocated to four groups: Control, diabetic, control + extract of CO and diabetic control + extract of CO groups with free access to regular rat diet. Subjects and Methods: Diabetes in diabetic rats was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of 60 mg/kg STZ. After confirmation of diabetes, oral administration of 300 mg/kg CO extract to extract-treated groups have been done. PAL was tested 8 weeks after onset of treatment, and blood glucose and body weight were measured in all groups at the beginning and end of the experiment. Statistical Analysis Used: The statistical analysis of data was performed by ANOVA followed by least significant difference post-hoc analysis. Results: Diabetes decreased learning and memory. Effect of CO extract in retention test (after 24 and 48 h) has been shown a significant decrease in step-through latency and increase in time spent in the dark compartment part. Also the extract partially improved hyperglycemia and reduced body weight. Conclusion: Taken together, CO extract can improve PAL and memory impairments in STZ-diabetic rats. This improvement may be due to its antioxidant, anticholinergic activities or its power to reduce hyperglycemia.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Evaluation of Ratnaprash for its effect on strength, stamina and fatigue using swim endurance tes...
Arun Gupta, Satyendra Kumar, Rashmi Rajput, Ruchi Srivastava, Rajiv K Rai, J. L. N. Sastry
Ancient Science of Life, Year 2015, Volume 35, Issue 1 [p. 26-31]
DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.165626 PMID: 26600664
Context: Traditional medicines have been considered as important resources for postponing fatigue, accelerating elimination of fatigue related metabolites and improving physical ability. Rasāyanās or rejuvenative therapies are mentioned as one of the eight clinical specialties in Ayurveda for attaining longevity, healthy life and regulation of bodily balance. Eventhough more detailed studies are needed to confirm the claims of benefits in the light of evidence based research, Ratnaprash, a herbo-mineral rasāyana formulation, is proposed here to be an antifatigue supplement that is good in promoting strength and stamina. Materials and Methods: In the present study, anti fatigue, strength and stamina enhancing properties of Ratnaprash were examined based on swim endurance capacity and the change in biochemical parameters in Swiss Albino mice. Treatment groups were orally administered Ratnaprash at various test doses (500, 1000, 2000 mg/Kg per day), while the control group received distilled water at similar dose volumes. Effect of therapy was evaluated after 28 days of treatment. Results: At the end of study period, the swimming times to exhaustion were longer in the treated groups than in the control group. Plasma lactate levels of treated groups were lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05) while tissue ATP levels were higher. These effects were dose dependent and the strongest effect was seen in groups treated at 1000 mg/Kg. Conclusion: Ratnaprash enhanced the forced swimming capacity of mice and exhibited elevated anti-fatigue activity, reduced blood lactate levels and increased tissue ATP levels in preclinical models in comparison to vehicle control, exhibiting possible role in increasing strength and stamina and contributing anti-fatigue activity.
REVIEW ARTICLE: Premna integrifolia L.: A review of its biodiversity, traditional uses and phytochemistry
Prashant Y Mali
Ancient Science of Life, Year 2015, Volume 35, Issue 1 [p. 4-11]
DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.165624 PMID: 26600661
Premna integrifolia Linn. (Verbenaceae) is an important woody, medicinal plant and has been prominent place in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani system of medicines. Objective of the present review is to avail the comprehensive information on ecological biodiversity, traditional uses and phytochemistry of P. integrifolia. Information of the plant was searched using various electronic databases in reference to the terms Premna integrifolia, ecological biodiversity, traditional uses and phytoconstituents of P. integrifolia along with Ayurvedic books, Indian classical texts, pharmacopoeias, journals, etc. There is an inherent difference within the three Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFIs) published with regard to the botanical sources of Agnimanthā. Complete data of the plant has been collected manually since from the years 1947–2015 and was arranged accordingly. Available data have reports that roots of P. integrifolia are widely used for the preparation of Ayurvedic formulations like Daśamūlakvātha, Ariṣṭa, Cūrṇa and Chayawanprashavleh for the treatment of a variety of afflictions. It has also reported to have p-methoxy cinnamic acid, linalool, linoleic acid, β-sitosterol and flavone luteolin, iridoid glycoside, premnine, ganiarine and ganikarine, premnazole, aphelandrine, pentacyclic terpene betulin, caryophellen, premnenol, premna spirodiene, clerodendrin-A, etc., phytoconstituents in its various parts. There is need to validate its traditional uses, isolation and confirmation of reported phytoconstituents, biological and clinical efficacy by modern analytical and biological techniques which could be recommendation for further scientific research.
REVIEW ARTICLE: Śodhana: An Ayurvedic process for detoxification and modification of therapeutic activities ...
Santosh Kumar Maurya, Ankit Seth, Damiki Laloo, Narendra Kumar Singh, Dev Nath Singh Gautam, Anil Kumar Singh
Ancient Science of Life, Year 2015, Volume 34, Issue 4 [p. 188-197]
DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.160862 PMID: 26283803
Ayurveda involves the use of drugs obtained from plants, animals, and mineral origin. All the three sources of drugs can be divided under poisonous and nonpoisonous category. There are various crude drugs, which generally possess unwanted impurities and toxic substances, which can lead to harmful health problems. Many authors have reported that not all medicinal plants are safe to use since they can bear many toxic and harmful phytoconstituents in them. Śodhana (detoxification/purification) is the process, which involves the conversion of any poisonous drug into beneficial, nonpoisonous/nontoxic ones. Vatsanābha (Aconitum species), Semecarpus anacardium, Strychnos nux-vomica, Acorus calamus, Abrus precatorius etc., are some of the interesting examples of toxic plants, which are still used in the Indian system of medicine. Aconite, bhilawanols, strychnine, β-asarone, abrin are some of the toxic components present in these plants and are relatively toxic in nature. Śodhana process involves the purification as well as reduction in the levels of toxic principles which sometimes results in an enhanced therapeutic efficacy. The present review is designed to extensively discuss and understand the scientific basis of the alternative use of toxic plants as a medicine after their purification process.
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