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LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Public hearing on the first naturopathy curriculum in Thailand
Viroj Wiwanitkit, Wasana Kaewla
Education for Health, Year 2015, Volume 28, Issue 3 [p. 213-214]
DOI: 10.4103/1357-6283.178601 PMID: 26996648
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Effects of naturopathy and yoga intervention on CD4 count of the individuals receiving antiretrov...
Babu Joseph, Pradeep M K Nair, Awantika Nanda
International Journal of Yoga, Year 2015, Volume 8, Issue 2 [p. 122-127]
DOI: 10.4103/0973-6131.158475 PMID: 26170591
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is one of the most debilitating conditions which have affected nearly 32 million people across the globe. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard care given to the HIV positive individuals. But the patient adherence to ART is found to be very less as per previous studies. Complementary and alternative medicine is becoming a pillar in the rehabilitative efforts for many living with HIV/AIDS. Aim: To evaluate the effect of naturopathy and yoga intervention on CD4 counts of HIV patients. Methods: Ninety-six patients prediagnosed as HIV positive were enrolled after obtaining written consent and treated with naturopathy and yoga interventions like hydrotherapy, diet therapy, mud therapy, counseling, etc., for various durations at National Institute of Naturopathy Sanatorium. They were grouped into four groups (G1: 1-7 days, G2: 8-15 days, G3: 16-30 days, G4: >30 days) based on duration of stay. CD4 count of each individual was recorded pre- and post-stay. Results: All analyses were conducted using R package version 3.01. Dependent sample t-tests were conducted to examine the significance at 95% confidence interval. Of the 96 patients, male patients constitute 55.2% and female patients 44.8% with mean age 34.74 received 1-180 days (mean 28.75, standard deviation: 14.16) treatment. Significant increase in the CD4 count was observed in two out of the four groups (G2: P = 0.052, and G4: P = 0.00038, respectively). Conclusion: An increasing trend in the CD4 count was observed that was proportional to the length of the stay of participants at the HIV sanatorium. This indicates the possibility of lifestyle changes can bring positive outcomes in people living with HIV/AIDS when used as an adjuvant with ART care. The lack of control group is a major limitation of this study. No attempt was made to study the subjective changes in the quality of life, viral load, etc., However, larger controlled studies are warranted for conclusive results.
SHORT COMMUNICATION: Efficacy of certain yogic and naturopathic procedures in premature ejaculation: A pilot study
Prasad Mamidi, Kshama Gupta
International Journal of Yoga, Year 2013, Volume 6, Issue 2 [p. 118-122]
DOI: 10.4103/0973-6131.113408 PMID: 23930030
Context: Premature ejaculation (PE) is the most common sexual disorder of young males. Even though there are number of treatment options available for PE, patient's satisfaction and drug side effects remain to be a problem. Non-pharmacological treatment options like Yoga and Naturopathy have been implicated in sexual fulfillment, pleasure and efficacy of some of these approaches has been established in previous studies. Aim: To assess the efficacy of certain yogic and naturopathic procedures in the management of PE. Materials and Methods: A total of 12 patients with PE satisfying the DSM IV TR diagnostic criteria were selected and allotted into two groups, Yoga group and Naturopathic group by following the randomization method. In the Yoga group, various asanas, mudra, bandha and pranayama were practiced 1 hour daily for 21 days. In the Naturopathy group, lower abdomen massage and steam bath, hip bath and lingasnana, mud pack on lower abdomen, and acupressure were done 1 hour daily for 21 days. Criteria of assessment were based on the scoring of Premature Ejaculation Severity Index (PESI). Statistical analysis was done by using paired and unpaired " t" tests. Results: In the Yoga group ( n = 6), 7.3% relief was observed ( P < 0.01) and in the Naturopathy group ( n = 6), 2.4% of relief was observed ( P > 0.05) on the total score of PESI. There was no significant difference ( P > 0.05) found in between the two groups. Conclusion: Both Yoga and Naturopathic procedures didn't provide relief (<25%) on total score of PESI.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Effect of an integrated naturopathy and yoga program on long-term glycemic control in type 2 diab...
Srinivas Bairy, M Raghavendra Rao, Srinivas Reddy Edla, Satyanarayana Raju Manthena, N V Gnana Deep Tatavarti
International Journal of Yoga, Year 2020, Volume 13, Issue 1 [p. 42-49]
DOI: 10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_32_19 PMID: 32030020
Aim: Lifestyle is an important risk factor for increasing the prevalence of diabetes in the Indian population. In this study, we evaluate the effects of naturopathy treatment, salt-restricted low-calorie diets, and yoga in long-term glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: In this prospective, longitudinal, two-arm cohort study, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus referred from a tertiary care center undergoing a 3-month residential naturopathy treatment were compared with those undergoing only conventional management on glycemic control. Both fasting and postprandial blood glucose (PPBG) levels were assessed at baseline, 3 months following intervention, at 6 months, and 12 months from the study start. Data were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA with post hoc Bonferroni correction. Results: Naturopathy and yoga intervention significantly reduced PPBG levels (P < 0.001), glycated hemoglobin levels (P < 0.001), and reduced requirement for antidiabetic medications (P < 0.008) in the intervention group compared to controls. The effects were more profound immediately following intervention and lasted up to 6 months from the start of the study. Conclusion: The results suggest benefit with an intensive residential naturopathy-based lifestyle intervention program. Randomized controlled trials are needed to further validate the findings.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Shelf life evaluation of Shirishavaleha: A preliminary study
Harmeet Kaur, Galib Ruknuddin, Pradeep Kumar Prajapati
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences, Year 2016, Volume 1, Issue 2 [p. 120-124]
DOI: 10.4103/2468-838X.196099
Context: Shelf life of the drug can be considered up to the period it gets deteriorated and does not get any alteration in its physicochemical state. Every product has definite shelf life, which depends on various physical, chemical, environmental, and biological factors. Ancient seers have clarified shelf life of various compound formulations. However, there is a need to revalidate and ascertain the shelf life of individual formulations by following parameters prevalent in respective scenario. Aim: To evaluate shelf life of Shirishavaleha prepared in the presence of water (SW) and Kanji (SK) as liquid media through accelerated stability study. Subjects and Methods: Physicochemical parameters were measured at 40°C ± 2°C temperature and 75% ±5% relative humidity. Analysis was repeated at intervals of 1, 3, and 6 months, and average 10% degradation of both the test drug samples was calculated and extrapolated to find the shelf life. Results: The sample prepared in the presence of Kanji (SK) showed more extractive values and sugar contents and found to have longer shelf life (2.6 years) than SW (1.4 years). Conclusion: Shirishavaleha prepared with Kanji (SK) is comparatively more stable than the sample prepared with water (SW).
ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Effect of integrated complimentary therapies on physical and psychological variables of patients ...
Arjan Singh, Hemant Bhargav, Praerna Hemant Bhargav, Nagarathna Raghuram
International Journal of Yoga - Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology, Year 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2 [p. 48-57]
DOI: 10.4103/ijny.ijoyppp_6_19
Background: Recent studies have shown beneficial effects of complementary and alternative therapies such as Yoga, Ayurveda, and Naturopathy on osteoarthritis (OA), but combining these therapies will have any synergistic effect and will be feasible and safe or not is not known. Aim: This study aims to assess feasibility and compare the effect of Ayurveda and Naturopathy as an add-on to Yoga in individuals with knee OA. Materials and Methods: This study involves forty Seven individuals (21 males and 26 females) in the age range of 45.19 ± 3.39, suffering from knee OA since 3.37 years admitted in a residential holistic therapy hospital. They were allocated into one of the three treatment programs based on their preference and clinician's advice: (a) Yoga (n = 16), (b) Yoga + Ayurveda (n = 21), and (c) Yoga + Naturopathy (n = 10). Assessments were done at baseline and after 1 week of respective treatment program using knee injury and OA outcome score (KOOS), perceived stress scale, visual analog scale for pain intensity, and stiffness index. Furthermore, physiological and anthropometric measures were assessed. Data were analyzed using paired t-tests and one-way ANOVA for within and between groups comparison, respectively, using SPSS version 10.0. Results: No side effects were reported by the individuals in any of the groups. Within-group comparisons showed significant improvement in all the variables except blood pressure in all the three groups and body mass index, heart rate (HR), and respiratory rate in Yoga + Naturopathy group. Between-group comparison showed significant improvement in Yoga group as compared to Yoga + Naturopathy group for KOOS subscale - sports function (P = 0.049; F = 3.24) and for HR (P = 0.025, F = 4.014) in Yoga group as compared to Yoga + Ayurveda group. Conclusion: Addition of Ayurveda and Naturopathy to Yoga therapy for short-term treatment was found to be safe and feasible. Seven days of Yoga therapy improved clinical symptoms, anthropometric measures, and psychological states of individuals with knee OA.
REVIEW ARTICLE: Integrated approach of yoga and naturopathy alongside conventional care: A need of the hour healt...
Pradeep M. K Nair
Yoga Mimamsa, Year 2020, Volume 52, Issue 2 [p. 70-75]
DOI: 10.4103/ym.ym_11_20
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) disease has shaken the health-care system globally. It has become a global public health emergency for which scientists and physicians are trying to find an answer. This pandemic at present has no answer, as conventional medicine is trying to put their best foot forward by using hydrochloroquinone. Clinical trials are underway to find the efficacy of hydrochloroquinone or to develop any other possible immunization in COVID-19, which leaves us in an uncertain situation. Treating the existing condition remains a challenge in one side whilst containing the spread of this disease remains another challenge. Though nations across the globe have declared lock-downs to prevent community transmission, this is insufficient, looking at the magnitude of the disease. Host friendly interventions from traditional medicine focused on improving immunity and offering mental strength to cope with this pandemic are the need of the hour. Yoga and Naturopathy, a holistic system of medicine under the ministry of AYUSH operates by adapting the principle of salutogenesis can be easily integrated into the existing standard of care in prevention and management. This paper discusses about the possibility and necessity of integrating yoga and naturopathy interventions like fasting, diet therapy, hydrotherapy, sunbath, and yoga therapy based on its evidence in the management of COVID-19.
CASE REPORT: Role of yoga and naturopathy in a patient with left ovarian malignancy and nonalcoholic fatty liv...
M Fathima-Jebin, ST Venkateswaran, N Manavalan, A Mooventhan
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences, Year 2018, Volume 7, Issue 2 [p. 110-113]
DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_136_1
A 70-year-old married woman diagnosed with left ovarian malignancy and nonalcoholic fatty liver with ascites in November 2016 underwent conventional management. In February 2017, the patient developed abdominal discomfort, bloatedness, nausea, and vomiting and underwent conventional management first in a government hospital, followed by in a private hospital, South India. Since no improvements were noted in any of the symptoms except vomiting, in March 2017, the patient was admitted to our hospital. The patient was advised to undergo yoga and naturopathy treatments for 30 days. Results showed a better improvement in weight, body mass index (BMI), abdominal girth, blood pressure (BP), plasma glucose, liver function test (LFT), and renal function test (RFT) along with very mild reduction in the size of left ovarian cancer. It suggests that yoga and naturopathic treatments may be effective in improving weight, BMI, BP, plasma glucose level, LFT, and RFT in patients with left ovarian malignancy and nonalcoholic fatty liver with ascites. Further studies are required to warrant the results.
CASE REPORT: Effect of naturopathy and yoga therapies as an adjuvant to conventional medicine in the managemen...
A Mooventhan, N Manavalan, Y Deepa, N Mangaiarkarasi, K Kahlilsubramanian, L Nivethitha
Yoga Mimamsa, Year 2021, Volume 53, Issue 1 [p. 75-77]
DOI: 10.4103/ym.ym_22_20
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the infectious disease affecting many countries globally. This case study was performed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effect of integrated naturopathy and yoga therapies (INYT) (i.e., conventional medicine + yoga and naturopathy) on the number of hospital stay and symptom score in a patient with COVID-19. A 39-year-old married male was diagnosed with COVID-19 on March 27, 2020. During the hospital stay, the patient underwent INYT. Adherence to INYT was good and the patient did not report any serious adverse effects during the intervention period. The length of hospital stay was 11 days. Which is less than the median hospital stay observed in previous studies and the symptom score reduced from 6 (day 1) to 0 (day 6). Thus, INYT might reduce the length of the hospital stay with symptoms and active infection and also is feasible and safe in a patient with COVID-19.
LETTER TO EDITOR: Yoga in promotion of health: Translating evidence into practice at primary healthcare level in India
S Ganesh Kumar
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Year 2013, Volume 2, Issue 3 [p. 301-302]
DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.120768 PMID: 24479106
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